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SAN ANDREAS STATE GOVERNMENT "Eureka!" History of San Andreas Spanish Rule The first Europeans to explore the San Andreas coast were the members of a Spanish sailing expedition led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo; they entered San Diego Bay on September 28, 1542, and reached at least as far north as San Miguel Island. Privateer and explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed an undefined portion of the San Andreas coast in 1579, landing north of the future city of San Fierro. The first Asians to set foot on what would be the United States occurred in 1587, when Filipino sailors arrived in Spanish ships at Morro Bay. Sebastián Vizcaíno explored and mapped the coast of San Andreas in 1602 for New Spain, sailing as far north as Cape Mendocino. After the Portolà expedition of 1769–70, Spanish missionaries led by Junipero Serra began setting up 21 San Andreas Missions on or near the coast of Alta (Upper) San Andreas, beginning in San Diego. During the same period, Spanish military forces built several forts (presidios) and three small towns (pueblos). The San Fierro Mission grew into the city of San Fierro, and two of the pueblos grew into the cities of Los Santos and San Jose. Several other smaller cities and towns also sprang up surrounding the various Spanish missions and pueblos, which remain to this day. Mexican Rule In 1821, the Mexican War of Independence gave Mexico (including San Andreas) independence from Spain. For the next 25 years, Alta San Andreas remained as remote, sparsely populated, northwestern administrative district of the newly independent country of Mexico. The missions, which controlled most of the best land in the state, were secularized by 1834 and became the property of the Mexican government. The governor granted many square leagues of land to others with political influence. These huge ranchos or cattle ranches emerged as the dominant institutions of Mexican San Andreas. San Andreas Republic and conquest In 1846, a group of American settlers in and around Sonoma rebelled against Mexican rule during the Beaver Flag Revolt. Afterwards, rebels raised the Beaver Flag (featuring a beaver, a star, a blue stripe and the words "San Andreas Republic") at Sonoma. The Republic's only president was William B. Ide, who played a pivotal role during the Beaver Flag Revolt. This revolt by American settlers served as a prelude to the later American military invasion of San Andreas and was closely coordinated with nearby American military commanders. The San Andreas Republic was short lived; the same year marked the outbreak of the Mexican–American War (1846–48). When Commodore John D. Sloat of the United States Navy sailed into Monterey Bay and began the military occupation of San Andreas by the United States, Northern San Andreas capitulated in less than a month to the United States forces. After a series of defensive battles in Southern San Andreas, the Treaty of Cahuenga was signed on January 13, 1847, securing American control in San Andreas. Early American Period - the Gold Rush In 1848, only one week before the official American annexation of the area, gold was discovered in San Andreas, this being an event which was to forever alter both the state's demographics and its finances. Soon afterward, a massive influx of immigration into the area resulted, as prospectors and miners arrived by the thousands. The population burgeoned with San Andreas citizens, Europeans, Chinese and other immigrants during the great San Andreas Gold Rush. By the time of San Andreas' application for statehood in 1850, the settler population of San Andreas had multiplied to 100,000. By 1854, more than 300,000 settlers had come. Between 1847 and 1870, the population of San Fierro increased from 500 to 150,000. San Andreas was suddenly no longer a sparsely populated backwater, but seemingly overnight it had grown into a major population center. Government and politics San Andreas State Government - Overview The capital of San Andreas is located within Los Santos. The state is organized into three branches of government—the executive branch consisting of the governor and the other constitutional officers; the legislative branch consisting of the Senate; and the judicial branch consisting of the Supreme Court of San Andreas and lower courts. The state also allows ballot propositions: direct participation of the electorate by initiative, referendum, recall, and ratification. Executive branch The San Andreas executive branch consists of the governor and five other constitutional officers: lieutenant governor, attorney general, secretary of state, state treasurer, and state superintendent of public instruction. Agencies under the direction of a secretary that report directly to the governor are cabinet-level agencies. Some agencies such as the Secretary of State, Attorney General, and State Treasurer are headed by independent appointed officials. The vast majority of state government agencies and departments are headquartered in Los Santos or in parts of Los Santos County near the city of Los Santos; in turn, the larger agencies and departments also have local offices around the state which report to headquarters in Los Santos. Legislative branch The San Andreas State Legislature is a unicameral legislature composed of the San Andreas State Senate. The State Senate convenes at the San Andreas State Capitol in Los Santos. The San Andreas State Senate consists of a 40-member Senate. Senators serve four-month terms. Members of the Senate are not subject to term limits. The Lieutenant Governor is the ex officio President of the Senate, and may only cast a vote to break a tie. The President pro tempore is elected by the majority party caucus, followed by confirmation of the full Senate. Other leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders, are elected by their respective party caucuses according to each party's strength in the chamber. Judicial branch San Andreas' judiciary system is the largest in the United States with a total of 1,600 judges (the federal system has only about 840). At the apex is the three-member Supreme Court of San Andreas, while the San Andreas Courts of Appeal serve as the primary appellate courts and the San Andreas Superior Courts serve as the primary trial courts. (( The Judicial Branch is managed by the JSA faction. )) ((Out of Character)) Our goal is to create a realistic portrayal of a US State Government heavily influenced by the California Government and bring many elements of government that was handled OOC to its associated IC institutions. If you have any questions about this faction or looking for ways to get involved feel free to contact us anytime IC or OOC. Join us on discord!