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  1. El Ghetto Man

    Little Seoul AKA Koreatown Overview Little Seoul, known locally as Koreatown or K-Town doesn't fit the description of a poor urban ghetto filled with Hispanic-American and Hispanic Immigrants. With its Korean architecture, its glowing signs remeniscent of the Korean capital of Seoul at night time. The neighborhood is shaded by tall palms. The extensive apartment complexes are fronted by lawns and a profusion of oleander, bougainvillea and hibiscus. However, a closer look at Koreatown reveals a grim picture. Heavily barred doors and windows, high chain link fences. Many walls in Little Seoul are covered by graffiti, indicating the territories of various Chicano, Salvadoran and Korean gangs. Many of the street lamps have been shot out and when the sun goes down, the darkened streets and local parks crawl with drug addicts, armed teenagers and Hispanic gangsters. Armed gangsters of Korean and Salvadoran origin scurry across rooftops and some hang out on fire escapes to watch over traffic in the area. They control the alleyways; where invisible borders divide the neighborhoods, making it dangerous for the residents of one gang area to cross over into another; where wearing the wrong color, number or letter on your clothing can incite a beating or worse, and where lives are daily lost in feuds whose origins have long since been forgotten by the teenage gang members. With the dark days of the 1980's and 1990's gone the streets of Southwest Los Santos look like those of any peaceful neighborhood where residents walk tiny dogs and old women chat on the sidewalks. From time to time, tagged on a tree or wall and even on the ground itself are the initials of a gang. No gang members on the corners. However, wary eyes watch from the balconies of buildings and tattooed gangsters hang out in the darkened corners of heavily tagged up, vacant apartments. Gangs in Little Seoul & La Mara Salvatrucha Little Seoul had been a hotspot for gangs and criminal activity since the 1950's. These gangs, nicknamed barrios were all Hispanic, all at war with one another. gangs like Crazy Riders 13, who were known for running down on their rivals with machetes and hatchets or the menacing, old-school Playboy Surenos 13, elegantly outfitted gangsters that defended Palomino Avenue wearing sport coats, short-brimmed hats, button-down shirts, ties, and shiny shoes. pachucos that recognized fellow members by folding in their thumbs, index, and middle fingers and making bunny ears with their ring fingers and pinkies. But all of them, no matter what gang they belonged to, were playing the same game. They were all Surenos. The “13” came from a simple substitution. All the nascent gangs were affiliated with the all-powerful Mexican Mafia. (eMe). By the 1990's there were some 25+ Korean & Chicano street gangs in Little Seoul. Each were at war with their own respective enemies, but they all had one enemy in common. La Mara Salvatrucha. Mara Salvatrucha 13 (MS, MS13 or MS-13) also known as Mareros Trece or simply La Mara Salvatrucha is a viciously violent Central American street gang that was established in Little Seoul, Westside Los during the late 1970's — early 1980's. The Mara Salvatrucha's gang colors are blue and white, signifying the Salvadoran Flag. The earliest mareros were long haired punk rock enthusiasts who engaged in crimes such as petty theft and the sales of soft and psychedelic drugs. More often than not during the 80's the Mara Stoners lived a peaceful existence in Little Seoul, where they often attended punk rock concerts in other West Los suberbs such as Vespucci Beach. It was at these punk rock concerts that the Mara Salvatrucha came to adopt their signature handsign, the handsign of the devil. Known within the gang today as 'La Garra' or 'The Claw In the Los Santos criminal underworld organizations have always existed. Los Santos is rich in its criminal diversity, its middle-class cuberbs being a host for a range of Criminal Organizatios such as Mafia organizations. However, in the streets of Western Los and much of the city at large, gangs are more of a concern. Generally, their territories are narrow, barely divided by thin streets or, hopefully, by boulevards and avenues that allow greater certainty about who controls every sidewalk. Sometimes two neighboring gangs are forced to label the same corner and put arrows in opposite directions so that there is some sign that clarifies the boundaries. Other times, the most-simply live in threatening lawsuits with its nearest neighbors. 18th is not always the main concern of the MS-13 and vice versa. He fights with the one at hand. Many of the earliest rivals of the Mara Salvatrucha were gangs by the names of 'Harpys', 'Ghetto Boyz', 'Playboys', 'Crazy Riders' and 'Barrio Rockford' The Mara Salvatrucha Stoners; A History When the Salvadorans started arriving en-masse to San Andreas during the 1970s and early 1980s seeking refuge from the horror of the civil war which engulfed their homeland, the Mexicans and their descendants in LA, the Chicanos had already spent decades organizing themselves into gangs; they had organized in part to make an affront to the ruling white-Anglo society. They fought against the discriminating forces of society; and yet they themselves were not interesting in extending a welcoming mat for the new Salvadoran population arriving to the slums of West LS. That’s why when these young Salvadorans formed their own gang, the Mara Salvatrucha Stoners, partially named in homage to Salvadoran peasant guerrillas during the Salvadoran Civil War and partially named in reference to their immersion within punk rock culture and also with their strong pride in fiercely guarding their ethnic communities.. The word 'Mara' in the gang's name was a Salvadoran slang for a gang or gathering. Salvatrucha came from the Central American term 'Salvatruchas' which was allegedly a nickname given to the Central American locals who fought against William Walker, an ambitious businessman and proponent of slavery from the United States who tried to subdue various parts of Central America with a small army in the 1850s. Walker, after a brief stint as the self-proclaimed president of Nicaragua, was overrun and executed by Honduran locals. It was in large part to deal with the black and brown menace set against them in the city that the immigrant Salvadorans began organizing themselves into the street gangs. The Chicanos looked down on the Salvadorans and the first Salvadoran barrios that were established, and they saw the Mara Salvatrucha Stoners gang as an aberration, something not from the old structure, even something to puke about. Mara Stoners back then considered themselves nothing than rockeros (Stoners). They wore torn-up jeans, long hair and t-shirts with heavy metal rock bands lettering on them. They considered themselves like every other white or rocker kid on the American continent; a rebel of society. Mara Stoners would often get into fights with other kids that acted and dressed up like themselves. They did drugs at local Little Seoul parks, stole from cars, and some even committed robberies in order to support their needs, and they began to build up for themselves a fearful reputation at the local schools such as Seoul Junior High. The Junior Highschool was just 4 blocks away from the cross streets of Lindsey Circus and Ginger Street; the heart of Little Seoul By the year 1975 the earliest remnants of the Mara Salvatrucha 13, the Mara Stoners or Mara Salvatrucha Stoners (MSS) had already formed and were nothing more than petty bands of disorganized Central Americans; raggedy heavy metal rockers who loved doing drugs. MSS fell in with the label of the times – Los Stoners- along with many others around the city like the Mid City Stoners and The Hole Stoners from East Los Santos. Stoner groups were everywhere in West Los for the most part; smoking, toking, drinking and experimenting with all kinds of drugs. The Mara Salvatrucha Stoners were found throughout most parks in Little Seoul but were most heavily concentrated on the intersection of Lindsey Circus and Ginger Street in Little Seoul. In those early years not one of the Mara Stoners were above 18 years of age. Most Salvatruchos had in fact, just barely arrived here. They had landed here clinging to their mothers' pants and skirts; running from the war back home; running away from the violence and chaos. They were amongst the most recent arrivals to the great big City of Saints, and as yet, they could not even claim a piece of corner concrete; much less, claim any territory. The streets they landed in were filled with Korean-American or Chicano street gangs. Even to this very day, to speak of the Mara Stoners is to invoke the pure unequivocal and most authentic history of the street gang. Inside La Mara those still with the hazy memory of early history will still pass it down going back to the Koreatown and East Vinewood neighborhoods starting out as the MSS –Mara Salvatrucha Stoners- the original gangsters who got it together. All those first originals; all those early first players, little to none of them remain alive, they’re for the most part all deceased. Hazy histories are somewhat on the regular in the Lore of the Salvadoran Barrios, but it is well documented in LSPD records; the memory of the MSS groups going back to the year 1975, and even Gang Investigator Jerry Phillips vouches to the existence of 'MSS' crowds forming a nucleus of cliques (offshoots), throughout Little Seoul as early as the year 1978. By 1983 the Mara Stoners slowly began to morph into a more violent and bloodthirsty street gang as a result of growing tension from rival Hispanic street gangs such as the Playboy Surenos 13 (PBS), Drifters 13 (DFS13), Crazy Riders 13 (CRS13) and the Clantone 14 (CX4) street gang. several of the aforementioned street gangs were longstanding had an extensive history of bullying Central-American teenagers in their neighborhoods and were also very well known and feared by the Salvadoran populace of Los Santos for kidnapping and brutally sexually assaulting Salvadoran women that they came across in their respective territories. Rumors in the street gang underworld state that that the Mara Salvatrucha Stoners was initially formed as a direct result of the harsh treatment and constant harassment from the Chicano community of West Los Santos. By the time that the Salvadorans vs Chicanos rivalry began to reach its peak in 1985, the Mara Salvatrucha Stoners were no longer a disorganised group of Salvadoran punk rock entheusiests, they were a new and vicious breed of street gang who would soon be feared throughout the city's impoverished districts and slums, as well as middle class suburbs, for their cold blooded approach to crime. Pictured: Sergio 'El Dyablo' Valvodinos, Marlon 'El Sacerdote' Coreas, Marcos 'El Black Sabbath' Iraheta Circa 1989 Throughout the late 1970's and early 1980's, Members of the Mara Stoners retained their Stoner image, but imitated local and neighboring Mexican gangs from West Los, South Central and East Los. Where they began covering their entire bodies, face and even their skulls with ink related to the Mara Salvatrucha Stoners. The gang adopted the 'devil horns' as a signature face tattoo, causing rival gangs to adopt a concept of 'cracking' their devil horns when they tattoo them on. In the gang underworld, a tattoo that depicted cracked devil horns became a deeply disrespectful sign aimed at the MS-13 and in most cases the tattoo was earned by its wearer after they committed a crime against a member of the Mara Salvatrucha. Meanwhile, the Mara Stoners adopted a cruel technique of running down on their rivals with machetes. The only West Los Santos street gang at the time that had the mentality to fight the machete wielding Salvadorans were the Crazy Riders 13 (CRS), who became extremely dangerous when the Salvatruchas showed up. They already knew how to ride in a pick-up with giant machetes, along with files to sharpen them up. They were crazy, because most of them were Natives from San Miguel, an Eastern Salvadoran Department. Innocent Mexican, Korean, Korean-American and Mexican-American women were senselessly kidnapped and were sometimes raped in broad daylight by heavily tattooed Salvadoran 'cholos'. Machete wielding Stoners began flooding parks in Little Seoul that were claimed by Mexican and/or Korean street gangs. Members of rival street gangs were hacked up in the middle of the night, for their mangled remains to be found piled up in the streets in the mornings that followed. In the 1980's, the best mirror of the Mara Salvatrucha Stoners gang was known as Barrio 18 or 18th Street. The Barrio 18 had already been around for roughly 30 years. While other Chicano gangs rejected roots non-Mexican migrants, or even refused to receive those born in Mexico, decided to fly the flag only Chicano defined the Eighteen Street gang being open to Latino immigrants of diverse origins, enabling it to quickly become one of the largest gangs in Los Santos. Even today, among its members and other local gangs, the term "the big one" is used to refer to the 18th Street Gang. The geographical coincidence of certain cliques of both gangs gave rise to apaternalistic view from 18th Street towards the newcomers, this was helped by the strong presence of Salvadorans in the 18th Street Gang's ranks. This is what facilitated the affinity between the Barrio 18 and the Mara Salvatrucha. The two gangs began hanging out together in the streets. Members of both street went to the same parties and fought together against common, extremely despised enemies. The Mara Salvatrucha Stoners grew up in the shadow of Barrio 18. It was a savage place to come of age. Some Salvadoran or Central American Barrio 18 gang members admired in secret the identity of the Salvatrucha. Those who refused to be like the rest and instead rebelled against and actively targeted all of the predominately Chicano street gangs. While females from the Mara Salvatrucha Stoners gang were forbidden from associating with members of the Barrio 18 in terms of relationships, many homegirls from 18 became infatuated with and involved themselves in relationships with male members of the Mara Salvatrucha Stoners. If ever the Mara Salvatrucha had a brother in Los Santos, in the 1980's it was called Barrio 18. Rumors in the street gang underworld say that's why the two gangs there today placed have such a bitter rivalry with eachother that to this day hasn't been resolved by either side of the conflict. A former gang veteran from Barrio 18 claimed that in the first years of the 1980's the Barrio 18's usually coincided with MS members at parties and local cookouts. They ordered them in jest that hair cut, to dress better, to leave behind their vague appearance with ripped jeans, painted nails and punk rock branded clothing. It was at these parties that the Mara Stoners heard from their allies in Barrio 18 through whispers, these whispers shared among the two gangs' veterans were about the bosses of the Mexican Mafia or La Eme (The M) and how they ran Southern San Andreas from the Bolingbroke state prison. Years later, At some point during 1985, the Mara Salvatrucha Stoners and the 18th Street Gang were involved in an all out war with the Clanton 14 (CX4) and Barrio Rockford 13 (BR13) street gangs in Little Seoul. The street gang war resulted in a total of 80 to 90 casualties from either side and a total of 15 innocent civilians injured as a result of extreme violence. The consequences of the war led the Clanton 14 and Barrio Rockford gangs going extinct in Little Seoul and with the downfall of the two gangs that menaced the Salvadoran population of Little Seoul,. The Palomino Lucasios (Locos) Salvatruchas and the Krazy Calais Salvatruchas clikas took their place. Both of which would in the years to come be renamed to Palomino Locos Salvatruchas (PLS) and Calais Lil Cycos Salvatruchas (CLCS) respectively. By 1988 Mara Salvatrucha Stoners offshoots had formed in other Southwest LS and Northern LS neighborhoods other than Little Seoul. These neighborhoods included but weren't limited to Hawick, Chamberlain Hills, East Vinewood, Mirror Park and parts of East Los Santos. In their own neighborhoods they started extorting drug dealers and beating up car thieves. While most Salvatruchas entering the prison system at the time were taking their time and trying to understand the laws of the land that they had learned from the Barrio 18, the gangsters of the Mara Salvatrucha Stoners didn’t even bother. They expected Southern San Andreas and its gangs to adapt to them. To the Mara Salvatrucha Stoner gangsters, the squabbles with other party gangs and Chicano-gangs seemed trivial. They were ready for a different league. In East Vinewood , the White Fence Locos (WFLS) gang wanted to stand up to these long-haired goth kids flocking to their neighborhoods. But it wasn’t a good idea. Only those who ran survived the showdown. Meanwhile, in Hawick, an entire gang was caught off-guard in an abandoned factory. MSS members utilized a technique they’d learned from Reagan’s counterinsurgency battalions. The Salvatruchas flooded the factory during the initial ambush and beat the rival gang members all night long, they then forced them to join their local MS-13 cliques. The Vinewood Locos Salvatruchas (VLS), Northside Locos Salvatruchas (NLS), and Lafayette Park Locos Salvatruchas (LPLS) cliques all took on some of these new members. And the Fremont Locos Salvatruchas (FLS) clique wasn’t going to be left out of the pickings, either. They were all looking to fill out their ranks and raise their status among the other gangs. To win more battles they needed more soldiers. Pictured: Members of the Mara Salvatrucha's Fremont Locos Salvatruchas (FLS) clique; The third oldest MS-13 clique in Little Seoul Little by little the new Mara Salvatrucha Stoners gangsters were being imprisoned throughout San Andreas. They realized that no matter how tough and feared they were on the streets, all bets were off behind bars. They didn't have firm alliances with any of the Sureño gangs, apart from a friendship with Barrio 18. They hadn't been formally incorporated into the Sureño umbrella, which meant that they weren't protected by the Mexican Mafia. The other Sureño gangs constantly subjected them to humiliation and they were on their own in any brawls with rival black gangs in the halls and yards of San Andreas prisons. Though it's still hard for the Mara Salvatrucha to admit it to this day, but they actually lost. Without many other options, the Mara Salvatrucha began accepting the 13 at the end of their name and little by little began to feget their past as satanic hard rockers. By 1994 they had dropped the "Stoners" part of their name. By 1995the gang had fully integrated into the SUR system. Under the now notorious name, La Mara Salvatrucha 13. With the Mara Salvatrucha, pacts were signed with blood. The strange and romantic history of the Mara Salvatrucha Stoners was coming to an end; digging corpses out of cemeteries and robbing gravestones to the sound of heavy metal, needed its own burial. In late 1994, in an alleyway between Palomino Avenue and Ginger Street, members of the Barrio 18, beat a member of the Mara Salvatrucha Stoners to death, sparking an eternal feud between the Mara Stoners and the Barrio 18. The circumstances that surrounded this Mara Stoner's death are to this day shrouded with mystery. Some say that the unidentified Mara Stoner had been selling drugs on Barrio 18 territory and had abducted one of his hookers. A more accurate tale depicts a drunken dispute at a local party at a park on Ginger Street, where the MSS member in question had confronted members of the Barrio 18 over their harassment towards his Afro-Latinoa girlfriend and their two year old child. In his drunken stupor, he engaged in a fistfight with a Barrio 18 member and was overpowered and beaten to death by several of his adversary's homeboys. In honor of the recent stoner culture that had spread like wildfire throughout Salvadoran culture, the MSS member who died had chosen a dark name for himself: El Black Sabbath. He died in the hospital, under the tearful eyes of his homeboys. He wasn't one of the first MSS members to die during a gang fight, but he was one of the first founding homeboys they’d have to mourn in the years following the gang's founding. This is how they paid their entrance fee, with blood. The Stoners had died, and La Mara Salvatrucha 13 (MS-13) came bleeding out into the Sureño system. Now they had a death to avenge, a token to play with. Meanwhile, The guys coming out of prison weren’t like the rest of their gang brothers. They didn’t come out with long black hair. They came out as cholos, with shaved heads, baggy pants, big white t-shirts, earrings, and prison tattoos. They were different. They didn’t listen to black or death metal. They’d turned into something more like Chicanos, cholos, like Sureños. While they retained many of their cold hearted retributions that made the gang what it was, the gang quickly organized itself and began enforcing a strict set of rules, along with its the Mexican Mafia's rules on its respective cliques. These stories were told by the men and women who lived through the Mara Salvatrucha Stoners' gang's first decades. Today, most of them are only tied to the gang through emotional links or old friendships. They recount these snapshots of bygone lives in busy cafés in downtown San Salvador, or dabbing their eyes over a beer at a bar in Dallas. They’re no longer members of the Mara Salvatrucha 13, but they once were, and when they speak of the MS they do so as if they were talking about family, with respect. Some are teachers in elementary schools, others are plumbers, others again preach the virtues of God in Pentecostal churches in the slums of San Salvador or Guatemala City. They only ask, in exchange for revealing their secrets, that we don’t use their names. By 1997, alarmed by the extreme violence taking place in San Andreas. The US Government began cracking down on immigrant street gangs in the city of Los Santos. These deportations of criminal gang members who were originally from El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua as early as the mid - late 1990s helped the Mara Salvatrucha expand to Central America. It was during that time that Sergio 'Dyablo' Valvodinos stepped into the role as the 'national' leader of the Mara Salvatrucha in Central & South America. Dyablo had been a Mara Salvatrucha enforcer in the streets of Little Seoul and had gained an extremely feared reputation for himself during his time as a Mara Salvatrucha Stoners gangbanger in the early 1990's. He was reported to have been deported for decapitating a rival gangbanger and his entire family in their Alta home. Dyablo established the first offshoots of the MS-13 in El Salvador, where he ruled among the Salvadoran slums with an iron fist not only due to the Government's ineptness at fighting the street gang, but also due to the fear and hatred he instilled in the people unfortunate enough to live near the MS-13 gang. The Mara Salvatrucha in Central America began operating as a warped version of the MS-13 in Los Santos. As opposed to avoiding crimes such as rape, murdering innocents and forced sex trafficking, Dyablo Valvodinos instead encouraged it. Countless young women in the slums of El Salvador began falling victim to the particularly more cold hearted offshoots of MS-13. Many were claimed as 'property' by high ranking MS-13 members, something that they had no say in. Others were instead kidnapped and held captive in the various empty buildings that littered the slums of San Salvador, while others were simply raped and tortured by the street gang.  Shortly after the Mara Salvatrucha popped up in Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras. The 18th Street Gang, whose Central American members had also been deported to their home countries began popping up and establishing cells all throughout El Salvador. The 18th Street Gang in El Salvador became known as Mara 18. The two so called 'super gangs' established cells all over Central America where they both equally terrorized the Salvadoran communities. The forming of Mara Salvatrucha 13 and Barrio 18 offshoots in other Central American countries other than El Salvador came soon after the gang propped up in El Salvador. These offshoots were also formed by Central Americans from MS-13 who were also deported to their home countries. The rapid spread of the MS-13, along with the intensity of their violence and criminal activities led to many Central American countries dubbing both the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang as terrorist organization. Despite the deportations of its members, the Mara Salvatrucha in Los Santos continued to thrive throughout the late 1990's and early 2000's in light of continuing street wars with Chicano street gangs and the 18th Streeters. By 2008 the Mara Salvatrucha had established itself as a heavily organized street gang comparable to an army. It had a total of 22 cells or 'cliques' spread throughout the slums of Los Santos. Rival Chicano street gangs had taken note years before and many of them morphed to become savagely violent and much more militant in a concerted effort to fight the Mara Salvatrucha presence that was slowly but surely creeping into once Chicano & African American dominated neighborhoods. Ranflas, Programas & The Battle For MS-13's Soul In the late 1990's and early 2000's, years after the Mara Salvatrucha dropped the 'Stoner' title and accepted the number '13' into their name to signify their newfound alliance with the Mexican Mafia (La eMe). Drama was stirring within the ranks of the Mara Salvatrucha across the city. Many disgruntled mareros and mareras felt nothing but disdain for the Mexican Mafia aswell for Surenos and Mexican-Americans in general. While most cliques of the Mara Salvatrucha readily accepted the '13' into their name. Others flat out refused it. Many of the clicks among MS-13 that had initially refused to co operate with the Mara Salvatrucha's newfound alliance with the Chicanos and rejected their label as Surenos subsequently and very quickly changed their operations to those of a Salvadoran offshoot of the Mara Salvatrucha. Their respective cliques viciously kidnapped & raped both Salvadoran, Korean and Chicano residents of various Westside LS neighborhoods. In addition, they viciously cut members of rival Mara Salvatrucha and rival Chicano gangs up in the streets and alleyways of the city and the countryside with machetes and knives, Where their mangled remains were more than often found by innocent hikers weeks after their initials deaths.  The Decker Park Locos (DPLS) or Decker Locos Salvatruchos (DLS) were a viciously violent MS-13 clique that occupied Decker Park since the early 1990's. The Decker Park clique was among the first of the Mara Salvatrucha gangs across Los Santos to openly refuse to pay taxes to the Mexican Mafia. They operated as a rogue MS-13 clique for years and thrived throughout the late 1990's. However in 2005, the clique was forever changed as they found themselves in a heated conflict with several other Mara Salvatrucha cliques in the area because of their attitude towards rape, drive bys and the murder of innocent women. Instead of falling in line with the rest of the cliques, the Decker clique recruited other cliques into their cause, effectively splitting the Mara Salvatrucha gang itself in half. Two seperate factions were then formed within the gang. One faction that remained loyal to the Mexican-Mafia, and another that opted to stay tax free and as a result, refused to use the 13 in any of their tattoos or graffiti. At some point during all of the trials and tribulations that the Decker Locos were going through at the time, they established contacts with Mara Salvatrucha leader Sergio 'Dyablo' Valvodinos, who had since 1997 been on the run in South America after a string of brutal rapes and murders that he committed with his clique. Dyablo was also in direct contact with Mara Salvatrucha chieftains in a Salvadoran Prison known as Ciudad Barrios. It was in this Salvadoran Prison that the 'Historical Leadership' of MS-13 had been formed. Upon being informed on the situation in Los Santos and what had happened to 'his' gang, Dyablo was furious that members of the Mara Salvatrucha in that city had been allowing an organization like the Mexican-Mafia which was run by Chicanos to make the MS-13, in his words. Bow to them. It was during that phonecall that the Salvadoran Program which would later become known as the MS-13's Central American 'car'. The first remnants of La Ranfla Historica or 'Historic Car' were formed in San Andreas, Mexico & Central America. La Ranfla Historica declared war on all Mara Salvatrucha cells in San Andreas that operated alongside La eMe. As a direct result of the tension and forming of La Ranfla Historica in Central America and San Andreas, a coalition of MS-13 cliques banded together to form their own 'Program', which would become known as the Los Santos Program (La Programa De Los Santos) or the Sureno (SUR) Program. The LS Program consisted primarily of MS-13 cliques who were loyal to the Mexican Mafia and were also heavily involved in enforcing their rules on the streets of Los Santos and in state prisons. The LS Program maintains a strict stance against rape, violence against innocents and drive by's. The LS Program was set to be governed by a single 'Keyholder' who enforced a strict code of conduct among the cliques loyal to the LS Program's cause. The Mexican Mafia's rules were also heavily enforced by the Los Santos Program and its cliques were and still are considered to be just as important as the Mara Salvatrucha gang's own rules. Each and every clique associated with the LS Program subsequently stopped sending money to Mara Salvatrucha members in Central American prisons, where they believed previously deported MS-13 members now resided.  The tension amongst the Mara Salvatrucha 13 gang's so called 'programs' came to a breaking point in late 2005 when Rodrigo Alarcon, known on the streets as Pirate was shot down while visiting Decker Park on an errand for the Mexican Mafia. The Chicanos didn't understand the difference in the Mara Salvatrucha's programs at the time and instead threatened to greenlight the entire gang itself. As a result, the Palomino Locos (PLS) in conjunction with fellow Little Seoul Mara Salvatrucha cliques; Park View Locos (PVLS), Tiny Winos (TWS), Fremont Locos (FLS) and the Calais Lil Cycos (CLCS) became the first coalition of Mara Salvatrucha cliques that were loyal to the Los Santos Program to declare an all out war on all fellow MS-13 cliques that were loyal to the Salvadoran Program. By the new year the Decker Locos (DLS) along with several other MS-13 cliques including Sailors Locos Westside (SLSW), Leeward Locos (LLS), Bagos Locos (BGLS) and the Northside Locos (NLS) were no longer considered to be proper MS-13 cliques. They were instead hated and despised by the majority of the Mara Salvatrucha in Los Santos and were considered greenlit by the Mexican Mafia. Throughout 2006 the Palomino Locos clique and their allies waged a war with the Decker Locos that could only be compared in intensity to the Chicanos vs Salvadorans gang/race wars of the 1980's and 1990's. Members of both respective cliques took heavy losses and this led to unlikely alliances between the Palomino Locos and a host of rival Sureño gangs. These gangs included the Ghetto Boyz, Westside Playboys and even the Barrio Rockford Street gang. All of the aforementioned street gangs had been considered enemies of the Mara Salvatrucha since the 1990's and are still considered the gang's main rivals to this day. With the help of various other Sureño gangs, the Palomino Locos and the cliques loyal to them were able to evict the Decker Locos MS-13 clique from Decker Park. The park was then claimed by the Palomino Locos as neutral ground, where they avoided committing crimes in the park. Instead, the Mara Salvatrucha used the park as one of their prominent meeting spots, often hosting inter-clique and inter-program meetings at the park. In addition members of the Mara Salvatrucha came from all over Los Santos to congregate there. Despite the small victory experienced by the Sureno loyal MS-13 cliques at Decker Park, La Ranfla Historica wasn't finished. In fact, their retribution was swift and merciless. Sometime during mid 2007, Mario 'Shady' Martin, a highly respected leader of the Palomino Locos (PLS) clique was gunned down in broad daylight on Palomino Avenue. hours later, The body of Shady Martin's girlfriend, Jazmin 'Raskal' Loera was found riddled with stab and slash wounds in her East Vinewood apartment. Among the wreckage in her apartment, her 18 and 19 year old daughters who had been members of the MS-13 aswell were found strangled to death. A series of brutally violent wars commenced and caused other Mara Salvatrucha cliques such as the Vinewood Locos (VLS), Forum Locos (FLS) and the Chamberlain Locos (CLS) to join the fray and assist their fellow LS Program cliques in an all out war against the ones who were 'disrespecting the gang' with their heinous actions against their own kind. A total of 150 lives were lost as a result of the street gang war and also left countless innocent civilians and former MS-13 members with mental and physical scars and dozens more permanently injured or in vegetative statuses. Despite this, the gang wars continued to rage on throughout much of the late 2000's and early 2010's and resulted in all 'Non Sureno' Mara Salvatrucha cliques being either wiped out or driven out of the city and in most cases even the state itself. The Salvadoran Offshoots of the MS-13 and their leading members in El Salvador were infuriated and as a result, They made immediate moves to establish the Salvadoran Program as a national program for South & Central America. They called this national program 'La Ranfla Historica' or the Historic Car. As a result of this, the so called 'Salvadoran Program' for the MS-13 became nothing more than one of the many tentacles of the Central American organization. La Ranfla Historica very quickly established connections to a host a host of over 23 other MS-13 Programs in Central America and some 350 other MS-13 cliques that had formed in other Central American countries. In 2013 the Mara Salvatrucha in San Andreas made similar moves to those that their Central American counterparts had began using. This began in the month of October when Marlon Coreas, known on the streets as El Sacerdote or The Priest was released from the Bolingbroke State Correctional Facility. During his time in Bolingbroke, Coreas had garnered a reputation with the Mexican Mafia as a fearless soldier for the Southsiders. He took part in various race riots and stabbings in order to bring his gang's reputation with the Mexican Mafia up to a desirable level. His plan was to use their influence to assist the MS-13 in establishing a national program, that way not only could the MS13 could pay their taxes to La eMe alot easier, but members in San Andreas would receive word from each and every state on whether or not their Salvadoran rivals had attempted to set up there. When he was released, he established immediate connections with Dustin Vasquez, known on the streets as El Mito or The Myth. By 2013, Myth had risen up within the ranks of the Mara Salvatrucha and was both feared and respected as the Mara Salvatrucha's overall leader in San Andreas. Marlon and Dustin very quickly made contact with MS-13 members in other US states in an effort to bring the MS-13 in North America together as one gang, a national program. By 2015, the MS-13's new National Program had been established and became known as the San Andreas Program, The Project or the North America Ranfla. Mara Salvatrucha leaders from San Andreas had control over and were receiving taxes and assistance from a number of MS-13 cliques from across the United States. These cliques were located in states that included but weren't limited to Northern Virginia, Georgia, Texas, Arizona, Massachusetts and Iowa and while the Salvadoran National Program also had influence in several US States, upon the establishment of what would become known as the San Andreas Program the Salvadoran cliques in their respective states were very quickly wiped out by the other MS-13 cliques that were associated with the other Program. In 2014, Following raids caused by the vicious civil war among st the MS13's cliques in Los Santos, Surviving leaders and key members of the Mara Salvatrucha's San Andreas Ranfla moved into the city of Tijuana, Baja San Andreas and subsequently bought several MS-13 operatives and cliques with them. In the early years of their presence in Tijuana, the Mara Salvatrucha kept a low profile and instead focused on profits, gaining connections with local cartels and other criminal organizations along with keeping the city locked down as a base of operations for the MS13's American National Program. With many of their established cliques in Los Santos either dismantled or torn apart due to continuing years of tribulations witin the gang, MS-13 operatives from defunct Los Santos cliques began moving to Tijuana aswell to lay low and avoid law enforcement action and hits from their enemies who wanted to take advantage of the recent raids and continuing inter-gang civil war. The members of MS-13 who remained in Los Santos were forced underground following further raids from Law Enforcement and by 2016 the Mara Salvatrucha's influence in Los Santos had lowered to little to no influence. Tijuana, Baja San Andreas had already been considered an extremely dangerous place before the Mara Salvatrucha gained a presence there. Criminal gangs of Mexican & Mexican-American origin prowled the streets. Many of these gangs had been imported from Los Santos during mass deportations, much like how the MS-13 spread through Central America. It was in this time period that Andrew 'The Psychopath' Longines arrived in Tijuana. Longines had been a member of a Maryland chapter of MS-13 since he was 9 years old and by 2014 he was a heavily respected keyholder for the Mara Salvatrucha's Maryland presence as a whole, this was despite only being 17 years of age. The Psychopath had traveled to Tijuana with a purpose. To meet with Mara Salvatrucha chieftains in that Mexican city and begin his effort to restore the gang's presence in San Andreas and across the US as a whole. Weeks after The Psychopath's arrival to Tijuana, videos were sent to incarcerated Mara Salvatrucha chieftains from La Ranfla Historica, along with several sent to El Dyablo himself. The videos depicted Edward Longines surrounded by a host of other MS-13 affiliates, all of whom were masked. In the video, Edward talked down on La Ranfla Historica immensely, claiming that not only were they disrespecting the gang by engaging with the government. He also expressed distaste at how cliques loyal to La Ranfla Historica were involved in the rapes, tortures, kidnappings and murders of innocent victims. Edward ended the video by flashing a large machete and taking off his bandanna. Announcing with pride that any MS-13 cliques loyal to the Salvadoran Program or with its national car, La Ranfla Historica were going to be exterminated and weren't welcome, both internationally in Mexico and in San Andreas along with various other states across the United States. 'You will eat bullets, jackal bitches' 'vulture pieces of shit' 'We'll kill your families too, you dogs' 'You betray the Salvadoran community just like you betray the neighborhood' were among several other spanish phrases and death threats screamed at the camera by accompanying MS-13 members, many of whom were either from Los Santos itself or were from other MS-13 cliques from across the United States.  As a result of Edward Longines' video, members of the Mara Salvatrucha in Mexico were contacted by La Ranfla Historica and threatened into fighting MS-13 cliques loyal to the 'other ranfla', countless members were also sent from various Central American countries to establish La Ranfla Historica's presence in Mexico. In 2014 following orders from MS-13 national leaders in Tijuana The MS-13 population in Los Santos as recruitment surged and members of MS-13 cliques traveled to San Andreas to assist the LS Program and its respective cliques in the state itself. A method that worked for a time, although. Members began dying again due to the continuing inter gang civil war along with continuing gang wars between the MS-13 and their historic rivals in Los Santos. — In Tijuana, MS-13 members began openly establishing territory throughout Tijuana and throughout the country of Mexico itself. Offshoots of infamous Los Santos cliques were formed in various cities across Northern Mexico, while at the same time in Southern Mexico. Mara Salvatrucha cliques loyal to La Ranfla Historica began forming aswell. These respective cliques from both sides managed to avoid heavy losses from other gangs in Mexico and instead were more concerned with wiping eachother out. The two hostile factions, known within MS-13 as cars or ranflas began aligning themselves with the cartels in the specific areas of Mexico that they resided. While the cartels saw the MS-13 and the other gangs of Mexico as nothing more than parasites and crash dummies, MS-13 members were happy to work for these cartels as assassins, kidnappers or torturers. In return, the respective cartels that the MS-13 factions aligned themselves with, assisted either MS13 faction in its war against the rival faction.  Following a rapidly rising surge of cartel and gang violence in Mexico, the government began attempting to crack down on both groups. And while they were sucessful in driving the MS-13 presence in Mexico somewhat underground, they didn't halt many cartel activities. Nonetheless, the two factions continued their wars, albeit in a more underground manner than they previously did. After years of warfare between the two factions, seasoned MS-13 gangbangers from Los Santos were bought to Mexico and Tijuana on specific orders. These orders were to assist in ending the civil war within the gang. It was at this point that yet another MS-13 car, known as MS-503 began to form out of the prisons of El Salvador. The new car came as a direct result of the Salvadoran Government's failed attempts to house gangs in prisons specifically for them. When members of the Mara Salvatrucha's Fremont Locos clique were moved from the Ciudad Barrios prison in El Salvador they gathered loyalists together and formed a program of their own. MS-503 released videos in a similar manner to what the United States Ranfla of MS-13 had been doing for years. They talked down on MS-13 leaders in El Salvador for their betrayal of the gang's code of conduct, among other things. MS-503 quickly became a force to be reckoned with and by 2018 had close to 20 100 MS-503 cliques operating under their name. — In late 2018 La Ranfla Historica demonstrated how far its power could reach when the Tiny Winos (TWS) clique of MS-13 in Los Santos, a clique that had long been loyal to the Mexican-Mafia and the MS-13's National Car for years suddenly went rogue and began operating like a Salvadoran MS-13 clique. Its members raped innocent women and gang members alike, performed countless drive by's and murdered innocent civilians for little to no reason. As a result, TWS was greenlit by the Mexican-Mafia and exterminated. As a direct response to the alleged turning of their members, countless members of the Forum Locos (FLS), Vermont Locos (VLS) and the Chamberlain Locos (CLS) were publicly murdered by MS-13 affiliates from other cliques. As the violence among MS-13 members and cliques reached its peak, Jerry 'Maniac' Flores was murdered in his Chamberlain Hills apartment by a group of 9 Mara Salvatrucha gangsters from various cliques. Flores was reportedly murdered for his involvement in turning certain cliques against their program and national car and causing them to go tax free and become rogue MS-13 cliques. With Jerry's murder, the decade long civil war amongst the MS-13 cliques in San Andreasw as bought to an end, allowing for certain cliques to continue operating as openly as they could. Although as a result of raids that happened a year beforehand in 2017, most MS-13 cliques in LS were in ruins. The gang was soon restricted greatly to its home neighborhood of Little Seoul, along with a small enclave of MS-13 cliques that remained hidden in East Vinewood. Also in late 2018, the FBI ruthlessly cracked down on various MS-13 cliques and instead of being focused on MS-13 as a whole, they focused on the various cliques that had been becoming more violent in order to push back against La Eme and put in work for La Ranfla Historica. The remnants of La Ranfla Historica left behind by the bloody clique war were completely smashed by law enforcement action. With that, MS-13 was partially extinct in San Andreas. However, in early 2019 members of the MS-13 in San Andreas travelled once again to Tijuana. There they assisted in countless other assasinations and with the leadership of Edward Longines and the 503 Ranfla were able to almost completely wiped out. By late 2019 - early 2020 , the only MS-13 'cars' located north of Central America were the United States Ranfla and the 503 Ranfla. — After putting a temporary end to the inter gang civil war, Edward Longines was subsequently granted entrance into the top echelon ranks of the Mara Salvatrucha's San Andreas Program. The Psychopath's rise within MS-13 was celebrated on a Mexico Ranch by a crowd of MS-13 members sometime during early 2020. Who appeared on video firing their weapons into a field and bragging about things they had done to the so called 'jackals' and 'vultures'. Both known nicknames for members of La Ranfla Historica. Tijuana was established as the headquarters for the Mara Salvatrucha's national leaders in the United States and many, if not all of them began residing there, where they relayed orders to Mara Salvatrucha keyholders across the US and began demanding taxes and money to assist with gang operations across the US and in Mexico. Edward 'Sikopata' Longines was appointed as a top leader for the MS-13 across the Eastern United States, where he was given full control over all Mara Salvatrucha clicks on the East Coast. At the same time, Marlon 'Sacerdote' Coreas and Dustin 'Mito' Vasquez both rose to the very top of the San Andreas Program's hierarchy and as a result, the two's countless efforts to bring the Mara Salvatrucha in the US together as one Program had finally come into fruition. Marlon's eldest daughter, Xiomara 'Dead-Girl' Coreas was also granted entrance into the upper echelons of the Mara Salvatrucha's Los Andreas program, which was by then simply a subsidiary of the National Program She was given the title of the 'Llavero' or 'Keyholder' for MS-13's LS Program in San Andreas as a whole. At that point, Xiomara had become the first ever marera to be offered (and actually accept) an upper echelon rank within the MS-13 street gang. This happened both as a result of Xiomara being Marlon's daughter, but also for the cold blooded brutality that Xiomara displayed to not only her father, but the other upper echelon members of the MS-13 aswell as to various members of her clique, the Palomino Locos. With the establishment of new management for MS-13 across the United States, many, if not all MS-13 cliques immediately fell in line and welcomed their newfound leadership. Cliques in most US states cut their ties with El Salvador and subsequently stopped sending money to their Salvadoran counterparts, whether or not they had family in any of those countries. MS-13 cliques that refused to get in line with their new leadership and begin following their rules and codes of conduct were extremely quickly wiped out by San Andreas loyalist cliques. As the Program's name suggests, members and cliques hailing from San Andreas and/or Los Santos were by default ranked above members and cliques from other states. Despite this, MS-13 cliques in other states that were named after San Andreas/Los Santos cliques gained the same amount of respect that they'd have if they were in Los Santos itself. MS-13 cliques named after streets in Los Santos began popping up in other US States such as Arizona, Texas and Liberty State. — Subsequently, after their victory the MS-13 operatives who came from the United States greatly decreased their operations in Mexico come late 2019 as the civil war among the MS-13 factions began to come to a bloody end. Regardless, several attempts were made on the life of Sergio 'Dyablo' Valvodinos who was at the time, hiding in Mexico City from authorities and rival MS-13 factions. The constant attempts on his life failed after he fled to Honduras, where he hid from not only law enforcement in Central America who were hunting for him, but from members of Barrio 18 gang and the Mara Salvatrucha's 503 and San Andreas Programs. La Mara Salvatrucha 13 Today The Mara Salvatrucha in Los Santos as of 2020 has lost a highly significant amount of influence not only in the criminal underworld, but in its former territories across Los Santos. Now left with only a dozen barely active cliques the gang's operations have been forced almost completely underground. While the Mara Salvatrucha still maintains a presence in San Andreas, many of its members have fled the state, been murdered, arrested or turned informants. Despite its significant loss of influence, MS-13 leaders in Tijuana continue sending Mara Salvatrucha members into the state to assist with clique operations and/or to establish their own cliques under the Los Santos Program. The Mara Salvatrucha maintains an iron fist like rule over the Salvadoran population of much of Los Santos and despite their weakened state, they've made up for it by being hyper organized, extremely violent and even by resorting to low level organized crime. The number of documented MS-13 members in Los Santos and San Andreas as a whole, including those who are already incarcerated or dead is said to exceed 1,000 members and is slowly starting to rise in the state once again as members return to the city and new members are gradually recruited from the Salvadoran and Asian communities of Little Seoul. Presently the MS-13 across North, Central & South America are split up into seperate factions, which are referred to by members of the gang as Programs or Ranflas (Cars). The Salvadoran Program, also known as the so called Historic Ranfla, or La Ranfla Historica continues to rule over Central & South America with an iron fist, indoctrinated to believe in a warped version of the street gang's code of conduct in Los Santos. One that dictates that extreme violence, rape & torture are all necessary in order to uphold the ranfla's so called control. The San Andreas Ranfla, also known as the United States Ranfla or North America Ranfla predominately governs and controls most, if not all of the Mara Salvatrucha cliques in the United States and internationally in Northern Mexico & Baja California. The American Car within MS-13 enforces a strict code of conduct on its Programs and Cliques. This strict code of conduct dictates that rape is forbidden within the MS-13, whether or not the victim is from a rival street gang, among other rules. The 503 Ranfla is a ranfla within MS-13 which is active in Central America and Mexico. The 503 car are the product of mismanagement and poor leadership on La Ranfla Historica's part. Much like their San Andreas coutnerparts, cliques under the 503 Ranfla strictly forbid rape, the murders of innocents and drive bys. All rules which are avidly followed by cliques that bow down to the 503 car. In El Salvador and Central America in general, The 503 Ranfla has established a culture of extreme violence within its ranks and much like their counterparts in Southern San Andreas, they've adopted a particularly ruthless technique in combating cliques that refuse to fall in line with the program that they impose. This quality, along with their rules against rape and violence against innocents has given them a degree of respect, but also distrust from their San Andreas (US) Program counterparts. The Mara Salvatrucha's American Ranfla continues to maintain its stronghold in Tijuana, where its members constantly travel back and forth from America to Tijuana in order to relay orders to keyholders in various US states. The Mara Salvatrucha's US Ranfla operates with an iron fist, with Los Santos cliques and their respective program being ranked above all MS-13 cliques in the United States. Members of the MS-13 in Los Santos often travel to adjecant states to assist out of state MS-13 cliques with their problems and to offer advice, in addition. Members of out of state cliques continue traveling to San Andreas to assist with the gangs operations in that state. Despite their alliance of convenience with the Mexican Mafia and their formal label as Surenos. Many of the Mara Salvatrucha's Los Santos cliques continue to maintain an intense hatred towards Mexican-Americans. Only opting to claim Sureno while incarcerated in San Andreas State Prisons where the Mexican Mafia has influence. In prison yards where Public Enemy No. 1 and the Aryan Brotherhood hold influence, the Mara Salvatrucha opts to operate alone and are more often than not labelled as rapists and murdered by members of Neo-Nazi street gangs, this is despite 90% of MS-13 members in San Andreas hating and despising rapists. Members of the Mara Salvatrucha arrested for rape in 2020 run the risk of being viciously murdered by their own street gang, both inside and outside of prison. In the streets of Los Santos, the Mara Salvatrucha is still known to be working alongside the Mexican Mafia and are among the Mexican Mafia's favorite gangs to call on, simply for the intense violence that they make normal within their gang's moral code. The Los Santos faction of the gang is currently struggling to return itself and its respective cliques to their former glory of the 1990's and early 2000's. Despite many of its cliques now being considered defunct, some specific cliques have stood the test of time. These cliques are for the most part found in the vicinities of Little Seoul and East Vinewood. Much of their presence in Mirror Park and South Central LS has crumbled as a result of pressure from rival Chicano gangs who felt disrespected by the growing Salvadoran presence in South Central LS and the forming of Mara Salvatrucha offshoots in traditional Chicano slums.  Within MS-13's San Andreas Program, gang bylaws that were enforced since a gang meeting in 2018 dictate that tattoos above the neck are reserved for longtime and extremely dedicated members of the street gang along with highly respected leaders. Members were encouraged to tattoo their chest and backs as opposed to tattooing their faces with the gang's initials. This was done by the gang's leaders in an effort to slow gang violence in Little Seoul between Korean-American, Mexican-American and Salvadoran-American street gangs Within Los Santos, they are in regular conflict with their rivals from the Sureños, 18th Street Gang, the East Los Maravilla, the Bloods and the Crips. While they have had past conflict with other street gangs and criminal organizations such as the Asian Boyz, Wah Ching, the Tiny Raskal Gang, Public Enemy Number 1, various Peckerwood gangs and the Nazi Lowriders, among many others, they are not considered main rivals. For the most part, the Mara Salvatrucha in Los Santos are only liked by themselves and friendly towards each other. All other gangs throughout Los Santos are either indifferent towards them or they're hated as well as despised. The Salvadoran and Salvadoran American communities, as well as the ethnic communities of other Central American immigrants, have publicly disavowed the Mara Salvatrucha 13 transnational criminal organization through official mediums such as private immigration aide programs and community projects. In other regions of the United States such as the Southwest, Deep South and Northeast, they're always at war with local street gangs within the aforementioned regions as well as the Bloods, Crips, Latin Kings, Trinitarios, Dominicans Don't Play and the Zoe Pound Gang, among many others. In states where the Mexican Mafia has no presence in private, state and federal prisons, they have fallen victim to being beaten, stabbed, sexually assaulted, raped and murdered by their incarcerated rivals, as well as other Latino American prison-based criminal organizations such as the Association Ñeta. Presently, the Mara Salvatrucha are notorious for their barbaric brutality in their diabolical personal pleasures. Its members are infamous for their usage of knives, machetes and hatchets to physically attack, murder, dismember, decapitate, castrate and disembowel their rivals as well as innocent people in broad public. They are feared throughout the communities in which they operate in for their involvement in sexually assaulting and raping both men and women but mostly the latter out in public places such as in the streets, alleyways, housing projects, apartment buildings, motels, hotels as well as in both privately and publicly owned businesses. However, some do not fear the Mara Salvatrucha but instead hate and despise it. This is shown by how members of the Mara Salvatrucha, over time and into the present have been beaten, stabbed, sexually assaulted, raped and murdered in the private, state and federal prison systems by their incarcerated rivals. While the Mara Salvatrucha do focus their efforts on terrorizing their rivals, they're also very focused on terrorizing and traumatizing innocent people with little to no involvement with street gangs or other criminal activity. Innocent people have been horrifically sexually assaulted, raped, tortured and murdered by members of the street gang in public places and private dwellings for little to no rational reasons at all. The Mara Salvatrucha street gang and transnational criminal organization's primary source of income in Los Santos and the rest of the country is derived from criminal activities which include but are not limited to: drug dealing, gun dealing, mass narcotics distribution, mass firearm distribution, extortion, hijacking, automotive vehicle theft, stolen auto exports, contract killing, human trafficking, sex trafficking and organ trafficking. Throughout Mexico, the Mara Salvatrucha are contracted by Mexican drug cartels as muscle for their efforts during the ongoing Mexican Drug War against the Mexican government, law enforcement and military. These Mara Salvatrucha members who act as muscle for the Mexican drug cartels go out of their way to be as bloody and barbaric as possible. Horror beyond what was seen in Los Santos in the 1980s and 1990s and what continues to be seen for that matter is created by Mara Salvatrucha members acting on behalf of drug cartels in Mexico.